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Many Americans use medical treatments that are not part of mainstream medicine. Depending on how these treatments are used, it may be called complementary, integrative, or alternative medicine.
Complementary medicine is used together with mainstream medical care. An example is using acupuncture to help with side effects of cancer treatment.
Integrative medicine is when health care providers and facilities offer both complementary and mainstream medical care.
Alternative medicine is used instead of mainstream medical care.
The claims that non-mainstream practitioners make can sound promising. However, researchers often do not know how safe some of these treatments are or how well they work. Studies are underway to determine the safety and usefulness of many of these treatments.
To minimize the health risks of a non-mainstream treatment
Discuss it with your doctor. It might have side effects or interact with other medicines.
Find out what the research says about it
Choose practitioners carefully
Tell all of your doctors and practitioners about all of the different types of treatments you use
Since complementary and integrative medicine can encompass a wide range of practices, this guide will only provide an overview along with tips on how to evaluate non-mainstream treatments. If you would like assistance doing research on a specific treatment, please visit the Resource Library and we would be happy to assist you. You can also reach us at (805) 879-5648 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
OCCAM is an office of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) that is responsible for NCI’s research agenda in complementary and alternative medicine as it relates to cancer prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and symptom management.
The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) is the Federal Government's lead agency for scientific research on the diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine.
Complementary medicine during cancer care: Mayo Clinic Radio
Complementary medicine, also known as integrative medicine, uses wellness practices to help people cope with cancer, persistent pain, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia and other medical conditions. Dr. Brent Bauer, director of research for the Mayo Clinic Integrative Medicine Program, shares how integrative medicine is used in cancer care.
Books at the Cancer Resource Library
Anticancer Living by Lorenzo Cohen; Alison Jefferies
Publication Date: 2018
Cancer and Complementary Medicine: Your Guide to Smart Choices in Symptom Management by Georgia M. Decker; Collen O. Lee
Publication Date: 2012
Integrative Oncology by Donald I. Abrams (Editor); Andrew Weil (Editor)
Publication Date: 2014
Integrative Strategies for Cancer Patients
Publication Date: 2011
Radical Remission by Kelly A. Turner
Publication Date: 2014
Survivorship: Living Well During and After Cancer by Barrie Cassileth; Ian Yarett
Resources provided by the Cancer Resource Library are for informational purposes only. The information in these materials may or may not apply to your specific condition, and should not be construed as medical advice. We strongly encourage you to consult your healthcare provider to review anything you learn through these resources.
Ridley-Tree Cancer Center provides comprehensive cancer treatment and support programs for patients and families. We are recognized for medical excellence, a strong clinical research program, and a multidisciplinary approach to cancer prevention.